Types of Human Trafficking

Sex Trafficking - forcing, deceiving, or coercing a person to perform a commercial sex act. Settings can include, but are not limited to, bars and clubs, fake massage businesses, hotels/motels, residential brothels.

Forced Labor - forcing a person to work in captivity for little or no pay. 
 Settings can include agricultural and domestic work locations, bars and clubs, factories, restaurants, food services, and hospitality industries.

Signs of Sex Trafficking

  • Evidence of being controlled.
  • Lack of control over personal schedule.¬†
  • Lack of control over money.
  • The person recently arrived in the country. They often do not speak the language of the country.
  • Fear, depression, and overly submissive behavior. The person is frightened to talk to outsiders and authorities as a result of threats.
  • Poor health. Sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS, pelvic pain and traumas, urinary difficulties, pregnancy resulting from rape and prostitution, infertility from chronic untreated STDs and unsafe abortions. Malnutrition and serious dental problems.
  • Bruises, scars, and other signs of physical abuse and torture. Sex trafficked victims are often beaten in areas that will not damage their appearance (lower back).
  • Substance abuse problems or addictions. The person is often coerced into drug use by their traffickers or turn to substance abuse to help cope with their dreadful situation.